Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are usually given to people with depression who:
- Did not get better with other antidepressants.
- Cannot tolerate the side effects of other antidepressants.
- Have a family or personal history of successful treatment with MAOIs.
- Have unusual depression symptoms. ("neurotic" or "atypical" depression with features which are opposite to the usual symptoms of depression, such as increased sleep, increased appetite, and increased weight.)
MAOIs are not recommended for children or teenagers.