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Independent expert answers
on psychiatry and psychology

Classification of Depression

Abstract: An overview of different variants of depression.

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Classification of Depression

Intelligent natural language question-answering in the area of psychology and psychiatry. Ask a simple question  Local help Info


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Question(s): 
Written by: Petros Skapinakis, MD, MPH, PhD, lecturer of Psychiatry in the University of Ioannina Medical School, Greece. Eva Gerasi, postgraduate student in the Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital of Ioannina, Greece.
First version: 22 Jul 2008.
Latest revision: 29 Jul 2008.

Is there only one type of depression? How is depression classified?

Answer:

In general we recognize the following types of depression: Primary: Unipolar
  • Mixed anxiety and depressive disorder - with prominent anxiety
  • Depressive episode - single episode
  • Recurrent depressive disorder - recurrent episodes
  • Dysthymia - persistent and mild (depressive personality)
Bipolar:
  • Bipolar affectve disorder - with manic episodes ("manic depression")
  • Cyclothymia - instability, frequently changing episodes of mild depression and mild mania, persistent irritability of mood
Other primary:
  • Seasonal affective disorder
  • Brief recurrent depression
Secondary: May be secondary to medical condition, (physical or psychiatric) or alcohol ar other drugs. Depressive episode: Each episode may be:
  • Moderate or severe.
  • With or without somatic syndrome
  • If severe, with or without psyhotic symptoms.
Intelligent natural language question-answering in the area of psychology and psychiatry. Ask a simple question:
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