There are different types of therapies that can support the treatment of the dependence. Cognitive behavioural therapy is a therapy in which a specially trained therapist tries to change the thoughts, feelings and conduct of the dependent person that lead to relapse, use or undesired behaviour. The therapist also tries, together with the client, to teach certain behaviour to prevent the person from relapsing: for example learning how to reject drinks or drugs that are being offered. The client learns how to deal with his intense need to use.
The therapy also teaches clients how to deal with life without the dependence. Other forms of therapy are psychodynamic psychotherapy, group therapy, family therapy, and self-help groups. Every experienced and well-trained therapist can conduct these therapies, but they are often conducted in clinics that are specialized in addictions. Often a combination of different treatments in a certain order is used, for example first a (poly)clinical detoxification and physical recovery supported by medication, and afterwards treatment aimed at the remaining problems.
Since addicts often use drugs to suppress unpleasant feelings, one goal of therapy often is to teach people to learn to accept unpleasant feelings, and to handle them in constructive ways.