The Schizoid Personality Disoder (more) appears
more often in men than in women, but in general very seldom.
The person shows great social detachement and is restricted in emotional
expressions. The person is indifferent to emotional expressions of
others. They are
not interested in social relationships, that's why they prefere to
do things on their own. This can even be increased to the point that
they are not interested in sexual relations. People with Schizoid Personality
mostly do not suffer from their disorder, that is why they usually
do not seek treament.
It is important to differentiate Schizoid Personality Disorder from Schizotypal
Personality Disorder (More)
Diagnostic Criteria of DSM-IV
The DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth
describes Schizoid Personality Disorder as a pervasive pattern of detachment
social relationships and a restricted range of expression of emotions
in interpersonal settings, beginning by early adulthood and present in a
variety of contexts,
as indicated by four (or more) of the following:
neither desires nor enjoys close relationships, including being part of a family;
almost always chooses solitary activities;
has little, if any, interest in having sexual experiences with another person;
takes pleasure in few, if any, activities;
lacks close friends or confidants other than first-degree relatives;
appears indifferent to the praise or criticism of others;
shows emotional coldness, detachment, or flattened affectivity.
This diagnosis is made when these sympoms do not occur exclusively during
(More), a Mood Disorder With Psychotic
Features (More), another Psychotic
Disorder, or a Pervasive Developmental Disorder (More) and is not due to the
effects of a general medical condition.