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on psychiatry and psychology

Depressive Episode

Abstract: According to ICD-10, a depressive episode is defined as a period of at least two weeks with depressive symptoms.

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Depressive Episode

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Question(s): 
Written by: Martin Winkler
First version: 22 Jul 2008.
Latest revision: 29 Jul 2008.

What are the criterions for a depressive episode?

Answer:

According to the European ICD-10-Manual of Classification, we are talking about a depressive disturbance when the following criteria are fulfilled:

The patient has suffered for at least two weeks from at least 2 of the following 3 main symptoms:

  • depressive mood
  • Loss of interest and joy
  • increased tiredness

In order to be able to make a clear diagnosis at least 2 of the following symptoms must be present:

  • decreased ability to concentrate and pay attention
  • decreased feelings of self value and self-assurance
  • Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
  • negative or pessimistic thoughts about the future
  • Thoughts about suicide or attempted suicide
  • Sleep disturbances
  • decreased appetite

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