Describe behavioral/behavioural therapy of addiction/substance abuse.
Behavior therapy is a therapy that is conducted by a therapist that has
been trained for this. This therapy is based on the notion that certain
behavior (like an addiction) starts by rewarding this behavior, and that
it is reduced by punishment. This rewarding and punishing shouldn't be
seen in the literal sense of the words. A reward can be that you win
something from a slot machine, that you get more friends by using drugs,
or that you feel better by smoking. In other words, it is something
positive resulting from certain behavior. Punishment can be that you have
a terrible hangover and feel bad after drinking, that you lose friends
because you use drugs, or that you have debts because you gamble.
The therapy uses rewards and punishments to achieve more good behavior (be
motivated, not using) and to reduce negative behavior (relapse).
Rewards can consist of a night to the movies, a new sweater, going out for
dinner, a day off, etc., when during a determined period of time you have
behaved well. Punishments can consist of prohibition to receive visitors,
no extras, not being allowed to go home for the weekend, or in worse cases
informing employers or a family member (with the permission of the